Arab conquest of Armenia and Emirate of Armenia a. Principality of Armenia Emirate of Armenia under Arab rule, prior to the establishment of the Bagratid dynasty. The weakening of the Sassanian Empire during the 7th century led to the rise of another regional power, the Muslim Arabs. The Umayyad Arabs had conquered vast swaths of territory in the Middle East and, turning north, began to periodically launch raids into Armenia territory in Theodore Rshtuni , the Armenian Curopalates , signed a peace treaty with the Caliphate although the continuing war with the Arabs and Byzantines soon lead to further destruction throughout Armenia. In , Armenian leaders agreed to submit under Muslim rule while the latter conceded to recognize Grigor Mamikonian from the powerful Mamikonian nakharar family as ishkhan or prince of Armenia. However, Umayyad rule in Armenia grew in cruelty in the early 8th century. Revolts against the Arabs spread throughout Armenia until , when under the pretext of meeting for negotiations, the Arab ostikan of Nakhichevan massacred almost all of the Armenian nobility. Taking advantage of the overthrow of the Umayyads by the ‘ Abbasids , a second rebellion was conceived although it too was met with failure partly because of the frictional relationship between the Bagratuni and Mamikonian families. The rebellion’s failure also resulted in the near disintegration of the Mamikonian house which lost most of the land it controlled members of the Artstruni house were able to escape and settle in Vaspurakan.
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However the origins of the name Hayastan trace back to much earlier dates and were first attested in circa 5th century in the works of Agathangelos ,   Faustus of Byzantium ,   Ghazar Parpetsi ,  Koryun ,  and Sebeos. He relates that the people spoke a language that to his ear sounded like the language of the Persians.
Of the four sons of Aram, Uz founded Trachonitis and Damascus: History of Armenia Antiquity Main articles: There is evidence of an early civilisation in Armenia in the Bronze Age and earlier, dating to about BC.
Jan 12, · As if making the oldest known leather shoe wasn’t enough, a prehistoric people in what’s now Armenia also built the world’s oldest known winery, a new study says.
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It shows that the Armenian alphabet was already so perfect that there was little reason for it to change.” Perhaps an even more convincing argument for the importance of Mashtots’ achievement is the survival of the Armenian people through a long and often trying history.
In an otherwise increasingly authoritarian region, this popular movement represents a massive achievement. Civil disobedience as a political strategy has a long history, dating back to the Roman Empire. The past 10 days have seen its skillful and deft application in Armenia. It was networked locally and globally, connecting remote towns across Armenia and extending its reach all the way to diasporic communities around the globe. However, on April 17, he did just that, and appeared to justify fears that the reform was simply a stunt of constitutional engineering in order to grant Sargsyan perpetual leadership of the government.
People flooded the streets in response. The popular movement that deposed him was decentralized and disciplined, with nonviolent tactics applied with surprising consistency and determination. The self-governance of the protesters became evident after the leader of the movement, opposition member of parliament, Nikol Pashinyan, was detained by police after abortive negotiations with Sargsyan. The movement continued unabated. Unique among movements in the post-Soviet region or the Middle East, too, the Armenian protests were not geopolitically polarizing.
Currency Conversion Overview Yerevan is no match for the grandeur of its rivals Tbilisi and Baku, but it still has its charms. Regardless, the main appeal of the city is its laid back vibe. It was the only country I saw American-style obese women and Slavic model-types walking down the same street.
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Don’t trust me on this, just look at Kim Kardashian! Well, technically, Kim Kardashian and her hot little sister are only half Armenian, but let’s not quibble. Girls from Armenia have a very Western outlook on many things, in large part because nearly every Armenian mail order bride has relatives living in Los Angeles. Also, the country has a good education system and so even though Armenia is sort of the middle of nowhere by most standards it is not necessarily a backwards nation.
However, there are some important differences between Armenian women and the women you may be used to dating back home. Western Women Armenian women are different from western women. Their culture generally has very clear and distinct roles for men and women.
Travel to Armenia & Georgia
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Nov 08, · Spring was a watershed period for Armenia. The country had just transitioned into a parliamentary system, and the Republican party had nominated Serge Sarkisian, president since , to .
So close but so different at the same time. With Arara you will experience true Caucasian hospitality and meet friendly, open people. On your first day you will have a city tour around Yerevan, the ancient capital of Armenia, which is year-old. Armenians are proud that Yerevan is 29 years older than Rome. The tour also includes a visit to Matenadaran Museum, a repository of one of the richest manuscript collections in the world.
Here — after the adoption of Christianity in AD — was built the first Christian temple in the world — Echmiadzin Cathedral. It is the seat of the Supreme Patriarch of the Catholicos of all Armenians. The cathedral keeps an important religious relic — the Holy Lance spear.
Azerbaijan-Armenia conflict is a reminder of Europe’s instability
Help someone in Armenia today by giving them a micro business loan! The year-old Bedros Atamian theater and the ornate cliffside balconies stand witness to what was once the most prominent center of Armenian business and culture in the Caucasus. It was also in Havlabar where the Mantachev and Aramiantz families began their journeys to fame and fortune.
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Chechen, Ingush, Avar, Chamali, Tsez, Lak, Dargwa, Lezgian, Tabasaran, Archi, Tsakhur While there are Indo-European languages in the Caucasus, like Armenian and Ossetian, and Altaic languages, namely various dialects of Turkish or other Altaic languages , like Azeri, Karachay, Kumyk, and Kalmyk, the area is noteworthy for three entire families of languages unrelated to any others, or to each other.
Georgian is the most conspicuous language, a member of the Kartvelian family. The other Kartvelain languages are historically obscure. Abkhaz is related to Kabardian, better known historically as Circassian, in the Abkhaz-Adyghean family. Languages in this family have unusually large numbers of consonants, between 60 and 80, and few vowels, as few as 2 or 3 — or even, as argued by some, none. Chechen belongs to the Nakh-Daghestanian family, which also has the largest number of surviving languages.
Confined to the Caucasus, these languages appear like islands in a sea of extensive and more familiar language groups — as Basque is isolated in the Pyrenees. The Middle East, however, has a past with many more such unrelated languages. In a broad swath from the south, we have the ancient Elamites, Sumerians, Kassites, Guti, Hurrians, and Urartuans, all of whose languages are distinct from the Semitic , Indo-European, and Altaic languages that later dominate.
They have all disappeared utterly. Since the Caucasian languages, except for Georgian, are poorly attested before the modern era, there are obstacles to comparing them with the ancient languages, however much we might suspect affinities. Speculation links Sumerian to the Dravidian languages in India , but this may have more to do with Indian nationalism than with the evidence, which is as thin for ancient antecedents of the Dravidian languages as it is for the Caucasian.
The surviving Caucasian language families, if nothing else, testify to the linguistic complexity of the ancient Middle East and remind us how much information is lost in the march of history. Languages in the Caucasus may answer a question that arises in Indo-European linguistics.
Havlabar: A Little Armenia on the Hill
But it would be a shame to visit this country—in the South Caucasus sandwiched between Turkey, Iran, Georgia and Azerbaijan—without heading into the countryside. Outside Yerevan, Armenia is much more sparsely populated and relatively untouched by tourism. Expect authenticity, friendly smiles, and many opportunities for picking up a roadside bottle of moonshine after a long day on the trails.
From bucolic hillside meanderings to snowy summit pursuits, these hikes offer a range of options for human-powered adventures.
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