A potter at work in Jaura, Madhya Pradesh , India Clay ware takes on varying physical characteristics during the making of pottery. Greenware refers to unfired objects. At sufficient moisture content, bodies at this stage are in their most plastic form they are soft and malleable, and hence can be easily deformed by handling. Leather-hard refers to a clay body that has been dried partially. Clay bodies at this stage are very firm and only slightly pliable. Trimming and handle attachment often occurs at the leather-hard state.
There is an excessive amount of traffic coming from your Region.
In Apuleius[ edit ] Psyche Honoured by the People — from a series of 12 scenes from the story by Luca Giordano The tale of Cupid and Psyche or “Eros and Psyche” is placed at the midpoint of Apuleius’s novel, and occupies about a fifth of its total length. Transformed into a donkey by magic gone wrong, Lucius undergoes various trials and adventures, and finally regains human form by eating roses sacred to Isis. Psyche’s story has some similarities, including the theme of dangerous curiosity, punishments and tests, and redemption through divine favor.
It occurs within a complex narrative frame, with Lucius recounting the tale as it in turn was told by an old woman to Charite, a bride kidnapped by pirates on her wedding day and held captive in a cave. The youngest and most beautiful was Psyche, whose admirers, neglecting the proper worship of the love goddess Venus , instead prayed and made offerings to her.
It was rumored that she was the second coming of Venus, or the daughter of Venus from an unseemly union between the goddess and a mortal.
Ilmenau : Fürstlich-Sachsen-Weimar-Porzellanfabrik ( until ) The businessman Christian Zacharias Gräbner founded a small manufactory on June 18th after receiving authorization by Duke Karl August and had financial problems right from the äbner still managed to employ the designer Senff (also named ‘Senfft’) as well as Johann Lorenz Rienck from the town of Eisfeld in.
Scroll down to 4 to see Marietta. Read on to see why it matters! Many of our regular clients know I am a history and genealogy buff. My own Wedgwood collection holds many historical view plates, nearly all representing a place I have been or some person or place which has something to do with my own family history. For many years there was a family story that one of my gggggrandmothers was the first non-Indian woman born west of the Allegheny Mountains, in southeastern Ohio.
I even had references to the statement, but when I found the book I couldn’t find Nancy Anna. I never realized that this plate solved the mystery! I Googled around and learned quite a bit about Campus Martius, added what I learned to what I knew as fact and what I knew might not be true, and figured out the story. Nancy Anna Stanley was the first baby born in the blockhouse at the Campus Martius compound, in the first white settlement west of the Alleghenies.
Indeed, they were not completely finished with the compound, which included several blockhouses for protection against the Indians and the elements, until later in ; Nancy Anna’s mother left her own cabin within the fort walls, the first frame building erected there, by her husband, and went to the blockhouse for protection from the January cold, and from potential Indian attacks, to have her baby on January 1, Thus the family story that she was born in a blockhouse, the first white woman born west of the Alleghenies!
The story is almost true, but over the years some of the details were skewed!! This particular plate was commissioned by the Ohio Daughters of the American Revolution and is well marked on the back.
Cupid and Psyche
How to Date Wedgwood By Karyn Maier ; Updated April 12, Wedgwood is a line of porcelain and pottery produced by Josiah Wedgwood from about until his death in , and by his heirs thereafter. Although Josiah was the first prominent pottery maker to endorse each piece with a mark bearing his own name, knowing how to date Wedgwood is still quite tricky. However, if you know what to look for, you can confidently date Wedgwood.
Notable Wedgwood Marks Study the impression. If the letters in the name Wedgwood are uneven in size and shape, then you may be holding a very early piece. The unusual appearance of the letters is due to each one being made individually.
Wedgwood Antique Pottery and Porcelain for Sale You can find great deals on Wedgwood Jasperware, Queens Ware and Fairyland Lustre at local Antique Auctions listed in our Antique Auctions finder (soon to be launched).
Jasperware composition and colours[ edit ] Copy of the Portland Vase by Wedgwood. While named after the mineral jasper , modern analyses indicate that barium sulphate is a key ingredient. Jasperware’s composition varies but proportions may be given as follows: In production resumed using items coloured only on the surface and known as “dip. Flaxman mostly worked in wax when designing for Wedgwood. Sir William Hamilton ‘s collection of ancient Greek vases was an important influence on Flaxman’s work.
These vases were first known in England from D’Hancarville ‘s engravings, published from The vase was lent to Wedgwood by the third Duke of Portland. Wedgwood devoted four years of painstaking trials at duplicating the vase – not in glass but in black and white jasperware. Usually accompanied by other potter markings and a single letter. From to A three-letter mark represents in order, the month, the potter, and the year.
Antique Terms (S)
See Article History Pottery, one of the oldest and most widespread of the decorative arts , consisting of objects made of clay and hardened with heat. The objects made are commonly useful ones, such as vessels for holding liquids or plates or bowls from which food can be served. Kinds, processes, and techniques Clay , the basic material of pottery, has two distinctive characteristics: Firing also protects the clay body against the effects of water.
This forms a nonporous opaque body known as stoneware.
· Jasperware is the form of ceramics devised by Josiah Wedgwood which has a stoneware body and can either be white. What Is Jasperware And How To Date. A beginners guide to dating .
By becoming familiar with the dozen or so main variations of the Wedgwood mark and by knowing when each was in use, a collector can determine an approximate period of production of an object. A guide to trademarks is listed here and by careful study most collectors can acquire a reasonably sound knowledge. Determining the specific year of production of an item is somewhat more complicated, and this calls for close examination of a variety of other marks, such as three-letter date marks, registration marks, artists signatures or monograms and other devices.
In addition to these, the style and method of production should be kept in mind as giving clues to dating. Dating Wedgwood can sometime be very difficult as apart from the Trademark there are also in some cases letters that accompany the marks to give a more accurate manufacture date and most old pieces have this second mark. To better date a particular piece collectors will often also refer to this marking. There are some very good publications available such as the one listed here which I often refer to when dating a particular piece.
For an explanation of the aesthetic issues surrounding Art Definition, Meaning. Shaping The unfired clay body greenware can be formed or shaped in many different ways: Once the body is shaped it is usually dried before firing, although some ceramic artists have developed “wet-fired” processes. Firing After drying, the clay body is fired baked in an oven called a kiln.
08 Didcot & Oxfordshire Toy Fair. Didcot Civic Hall Britwell Road Didcot Oxfordshire OX11 7JN Get directions with StreetFinder. Staged four times a year in the town’s Civic Hall, the event is organised by the same people that run the highly successful Cirencester and Bristol to fairs.
A more advanced variety of handmade pottery, hardfired and burnished, has proved to be as early as bc. The use of a red slip covering and molded ornament came a little later. Handmade pottery has been found at Ur, in Mesopotamia, below the clay termed the Flood deposit. Perhaps the most richly decorated pottery of the Near East, remarkable for its fine painting, comes from Susa Shushan in southwest Iran.
The motifs are partly geometric, partly stylized but easily recognizable representations of waterfowl and running dogs, usually in friezes. They are generally executed in dark colours on a light ground. Vases, bowls, bowls on feet, and goblets have been found, all dating from about bc. By bc pottery was no longer decorated. Earthenware statuettes belong to this period, and a vessel in the Louvre, Paris with a long spout based on a copper prototype is the ancestor of many much later variations from this region in both pottery and metal.
They provide the first instance of the use of tin glaze; although the date of its introduction cannot be certainly determined. The presence of lead in the blue glazes derived from copper suggests that the lead may have been added deliberately as a flux, and that this glazing technique, like that of tin-glazing, subsequently was forgotten—to be recovered only at a much later date.
In Egypt, pottery was made in great variety in the predynastic period up to c. The earliest forms of decoration were geometrical or stylized animal or scenic motifs painted in white slip on a red body. There is comparatively little variation until the 26th dynasty c.
Antique Fairs in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire & Oxfordshire
As a courtesy to the public and other antique dealers, we are listing our sold items on this page as well as the descriptions and pictures of the pieces. This will assist others as a resource in the research of their antiques and collectibles. There is no hinge with is bracket. We believe this to be an original Victorian piece. We have been unable to locate any others like it.
Dating Wedgwood Jasperware Marks. 10/15/ 0 Comments It’s All in the Marks: Dating a Wedgwood Jasperware Urn. Jasperware was originally developed by Josiah Wedgwood during the mid- 1. Greek and Roman ruins. Is this piece an antique of 1. Know which helps define the value. This covered urn is an example of Wedgwood.
Blue and white “Kraak” paneled decoration on a thin porcelain body. J E Nilsson Collection. The trade begins The Portuguese were the first to establish regular trade with China over the sea. The first export porcelain got to be known as Kraak porcelain, probably after the Portuguese Carrack’s which were the ships the Portuguese used for the trade. At the end of the 16th century, a most fascinating exchange of ideas started to occur between China and the West.
A regular trade with the West had indeed been going on since the time of the Roman Empire when China was known as Seres – the land of Silk. The Portuguese had established the first “modern” trading station in Canton as early as Very soon western merchants began to order copies of pieces they brought with them or from supplied patterns. Very early commercial middlemen were the Jesuit missionaries that somehow had managed to get connections inland that could be used for trade.
From the early 17th century the Dutch presence in the East India trade became more and more noticeable. From their trade entrepot Batavia that they established in Java, they soon came to dominate the trade for the whole century. Typical export porcelain from the hundreds are the so called Kraak wares with paneled decorations, that was actually a style pioneered by the Portuguese.
Bowl with Dutch special design. Deep sides, decorated to the interior and to the outside with figure scenes with scholars, tulips and landscapes with buildings.
Collecting Antique Ceramics
Dating Jasper Ware section[ edit ] Obviously this section needs a rewrite in encyclopedic not chatty style. Alright, you go to the ball, I’ll stay home and scrub the fireplace. I removed this text and rewrote it as best as possible — note the factual inclarities on overlapping dates in the original, which I have tried to rationalize as best as possible:
marks on Wedgwood ware index page for Wedgwood] Dating old pottery is difficult – especially one that has been in operation for over years such as Wedgwood. Manufacturers were not overly concerned about sticking to ‘rules’ and would interchange marks – using different marks at the same time and using old batches later in the production runs.
Used as a kitchen tool for centuries, the fork was slow to make its way into common usage as an eating implement. By the 7th century, the fork was being used among royal courts in the Middle East and by the 11th century was fairly common among the wealthy merchants in the region. In the 11th century, forks were brought to Italy by a Byzantine princess upon her marriage to a future Doge chief magistrate of Venice. When she died shortly after her wedding, it was perceived as divine punishment and helped to delay the common usage of forks in Italy for several more centuries.
By the 14th century, forks were occasionally showing up in the inventories and wills of the nobles and the wealthy. Again, the fork was slow to be accepted in France as the French thought it to be an affectation of the Italians. The French found it awkward and even dangerous. When it did begin to entrench itself in the local culture, it was strictly something for only the very wealthy and upper classes.
In , after his travels in Italy, an Englishman named Thomas Coryate brought the first forks to England. The English, however, wanted little to do with the fork, considering it to be effeminate. In America, it is said that in Governor Winthrop of the Massachusetts Bay Colony possessed the first and only fork in the Colonies. It was also around this time that the shape of the fork itself took on a change. Up until this time, forks were flat and normally consisted of two straight tines at the end of a handle.